For most people who develop medical conditions due to unforeseen diseases or accidents, life tends to get more difficult. It doesn’t matter how severe the condition is, they have to give up on a part of their former lives to accommodate it.
In some cases, though, the exact opposite happens. Throughout history, a few people have acquired extraordinary skills because of their medical conditions, and science still doesn’t quite understand how it works. Even if it’s a bad idea to go out and try to replicate these cases to improve your lives—as it only happens in rare instances—they provide us with valuable insight into how the human brain really works.